Addison Gallery Exhibition Examines Evolution of Documentary Photography in the 20th Century
Photographers Among Us celebrates works by Berenice Abbott, William Christenberry, Walker Evans, Robert Frank, Dorothea Lange, among other iconic photographers
Drawing from the Addison Gallery of American Art’s rich photography holdings, Photographers Among Us explores American documentary practice throughout the 20th century and its role in recording history, illuminating social movements, and catalyzing change. Provoking questions about authenticity and the power of photography to shape public opinion, the exhibition presents a roster of renowned photographers, including Berenice Abbott, Richard Avedon, Margaret Bourke-White, Walker Evans, Robert Frank, Lewis Hine, Danny Lyon, Bill Owens, and Gordon Parks. Photographers Among Us examines the many dimensions of photojournalism and documentary photography through a survey of 225 works that capture scenes of war, mass incarceration, suburbia, and urban and rural landscapes, among other images that continue to resonate today. Photographers Among Us is on view from April 7 through July 31, 2018.
“This exhibition serves as a timely examination of the great American tradition of documentary photography,” said Judith F. Dolkart, The Mary Stripp and R. Crosby Kemper Director of the Addison Gallery of American Art. “The Addison’s deep holdings in this area provide a forum for discussing the relevance of the lens in capturing critical moments—episodes that may change the course of events. We look forward to guiding visitors and students through the evolution of photojournalism in order to provide context and insight into documentary practice today.”
“With cameras in mobile phones, the ability to serve as a citizen witness has grown enormously,” said Addison Gallery of American Art Curatorial Fellow Tessa Hite. “This exhibition aims to place this phenomenon within the larger continuum of documentary practice, inspiring visitors to capture the world around them and think critically about the images they consume on television, online, and in the media.”
Photographers Among Us charts the evolution of documentary photography, from the Civil War through the late 20th century, providing an opportunity for visitors to follow technological developments in the field. The exhibition is organized thematically, focusing on early social reform and Depression-era photography, magazine photo-essays, images of war, and extended looks at communities and changing landscapes. Investigating a range of images for government-sponsored projects, newspapers, and photobooks, the exhibition includes the following highlights:
- A Harvest of Death, Battle-field of Gettysburg (1863) by Timothy O’Sullivan, one of the most iconic photographs of the Civil War, depicts the gruesome aftermath of the battle in stark terms.
- Images from Lucien Aigner’s 1934 photo essay entitled “Paris Protects Its Inhabitants Against Gas Attacks” capture citizens shopping for gas masks. Simultaneously humorous and haunting, the images document a drill organized in response to the looming threat of World War II.
- Architectural photographs by Berenice Abbott, commissioned for Changing New York by the Federal Art Project, document buildings slated for demolition and demonstrate how the diversity of people, places, and activity have shaped New York’s urban fabric.
- Photographs from Danny Lyon’s Conversations with the Dead (1968) document life inside the penitentiary system with intimacy and compassion. Lyon gained unprecedented access for the project and worked in six prisons throughout the Texas Department of Corrections over the course of 14 months.
- The photo series Suburbia (1972) by Bill Owens examines the middle-class lifestyle in America’s newly designed neighborhoods. Conveying the mundanity of everyday life, the series dissects what it means to live the American dream.
- Images by William Christenberry chronicle the decay of a vernacular structure in Greensboro, Alabama over the course of several years and evoke the artist’s personal connection to the landscape of the rural south.
- Select works from The Family (printed 1976), a portfolio of 69 prints by Richard Avedon that was first published in Rolling Stone magazine, depict individuals from America’s political, financial, and intellectual elite of the time, including Cesar Chavez, Ronald Reagan, and Donald Rumsfeld.
The exhibition is presented in conjunction with Gun Country, on view from March 11 through July 31, 2018. Reflecting on the tradition of America’s gun culture, the exhibition traces the representation of firearms through works drawn from the Addison’s collection. Bringing together nearly 40 works, the intimate display examines Americans’ distinct fixation with guns and the ubiquity of firearms in America’s cultural landscape.
Located on the Phillips Academy campus in Andover, MA, the Addison Gallery of American Art has been collecting photography since its founding. With its first acquisition of work by Margaret Bourke-White in 1934, the Addison recognized photography as both art and cultural documentation. The collection has grown to represent the full historical range of the medium, including early daguerreotypes, anonymous stereoviews, and cartes de visite; gelatin silver prints by Walker Evans, Robert Frank, and Ansel Adams; Kenneth Snelson's expansive panorama; landscapes by Carleton Watkins; photograms by Man Ray and Lotte Jacobi; and works by a range of contemporary American photographers, such as Robert Mapplethorpe, Cindy Sherman, and Andy Warhol (Polaroids). Among the most significant holdings is the work of Eadweard Muybridge, including the complete 11 volumes of Animal Locomotion (1887) and a rare volume of The Attitudes of Animals in Motion (1881).
Photographers Among Us is organized by the Addison Gallery of American Art and curated by Tessa Hite, Curatorial Fellow. Generous support for this exhibition has been provided by the Francesca S. Woodman Exhibitions Fund.
About the Addison Gallery of American Art
Devoted exclusively to American art, the Addison, which opened in 1931, holds one of the most important collections of American art in the country. Its holdings include more than 17,500 works by prominent artists such as John Singleton Copley, Thomas Eakins, Winslow Homer, George Bellows, Georgia O’Keeffe, Jackson Pollock, Lorna Simpson, Kara Walker, and Mark Bradford, as well as photographers Eadweard Muybridge, Walker Evans, Robert Frank, Cindy Sherman, Dawoud Bey, and many more. The Addison Gallery, located in a stand-alone building on the campus of Phillips Academy, a residential school of grades nine through 12 in Andover, Massachusetts, offers a continually rotating series of exhibitions and programs, all of which are free and open to the public. Phillips Academy welcomes visitors to its beautiful, walkable campus year-round.
The Addison Gallery of American Art is open to the public from Tuesday through Saturday, 10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m., and Sunday 1:00 – 5:00 p.m. The museum is closed on Mondays, national holidays, December 24, and the month of August. Admission to all exhibitions and events is free. The Addison Gallery also offers free education programs for teachers and groups. For more information, call 978-749-4015, or visit the website at www.addisongallery.org.