Hirshhorn’s Concept for Revitalized Sculpture Garden Approved Unanimously by National Capital Planning Commission and Commission of Fine Arts
Concept Design by Architect and Artist Hiroshi Sugimoto Will Enhance Visitor Experience and Create New Spaces for Art and Programs
The Smithsonian’s Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden today passed an important milestone in plans to revitalize its Sculpture Garden, receiving unanimous approval from the National Capital Planning Commission (NCPC) for its concept design. This news follows last month’s unanimous support of the Hirshhorn’s plans from the Commission of Fine Arts (CFA).
Working with a design team led by architect and artist Hiroshi Sugimoto, the museum has conceived a dynamic new space for visitors to experience a greater range of art and programming that opens a second “front door” to the museum from the National Mall, directly engaging the more than 35 million people who pass through the Mall each year.
Following the June 6 NCPC public meeting, the museum will address comments and prepare to move the project into the design development phase. The next public meeting will be held in September to seek additional feedback.
“The plans we have developed with artist and architect Hiroshi Sugimoto are the result of a thoughtful process over the last two years, involving input from dozens of important stakeholders,” said Melissa Chiu, Hirshhorn director. “Sugimoto has studied the Sculpture Garden’s history and has carefully considered every aspect of how visitors will experience the revitalized garden. We look forward to moving to the next phases of planning, as we continue to receive public feedback.”
The Sugimoto concept will revitalize the Sculpture Garden for the 21st century while embracing the Hirshhorn’s architectural heritage, drawing upon architect Gordon Bunshaft’s original designs, as well as a later intervention guided by landscape architect Lester Collins. The design incorporates Bunshaft’s perimeter concrete walls, reopens an original underground passageway to the main museum plaza and realizes Bunshaft’s longstanding vision for a larger reflecting pool, while reinvigorating Collins’ goals for the space—improving the visitor experience through additional ramps for accessibility and increased plantings for shade.
Sugimoto’s vision will provide a greater array of spaces to accommodate 50 percent more of the museum’s outstanding collection of 19th- and 20th-century modern masterpieces. At the same time, Sugimoto has created a design for cutting-edge artwork of today and the future, with flexible spaces for sculpture and performance.
“The approvals from NCPC and CFA reflect broad support for the new concept and bring us one step closer to realizing our vision,” said Daniel Sallick, Hirshhorn board chair. “The reimagined Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden will provide visitors from Washington and around the world greater access to the garden from the National Mall and a truly 21st-century art experience.”
Hiroshi Sugimoto has completed a number of architectural projects, including most recently the Enoura Observatory of the Odawara Art Foundation just outside of Tokyo. The design team is comprised of the Tokyo-based architecture firm founded in 2008 by Hiroshi Sugimoto together with Tomoyuki Sakakida, New Material Research Laboratory (NMRL), in association with Yun Architecture in Brooklyn, New York; Quinn Evans Architects in Washington, D.C., as architect of record; and Rhodeside & Harwell Inc. in Alexandria, Virginia, as landscape architect.
The concept design creates distinct spaces and galleries:
- The East Gallery—A series of interconnected outdoor galleries for rotating exhibitions of the Hirshhorn’s collection of modern sculptures. The vitality and originality of these masterworks will be highlighted by human-scale gallery environments, featuring stacked stone walls in relationship with the original Bunshaft walls, which will be preserved as a defining element.
- The West Gallery—A dynamic open lawn that will provide flexible space for contemporary art, including interactive installations, public programming and monumental sculpture.
- Reflecting Pool and Performance Area—A shallow pool in the central garden (inspired by Bunshaft’s unrealized vision for a larger water feature) that will serve as a focal point for visitor engagement and reflection. Sugimoto’s concept integrates a performance stage, a stacked stone backdrop and shaded amphitheater seating to form an inviting venue for the performative arts, including music, dance and participatory art.
- Entrances and Overlooks—A more visible north entrance that will create a second “front door” to the museum from the National Mall, with additional ramps creating multiple accessible entry points to the Sculpture Garden. Overlooks and entrances will offer clear vistas encompassing the full breadth of the galleries and spaces, as well as shaded seating. Iconic artworks positioned around the perimeter will draw visitors in, encouraging flow between the Sculpture Garden and the museum.
- Reimagined Underground Passage—A re-opening of the underground passage—a key element of Bunshaft’s design that has been closed since the 1980s—that will reestablish a critical pedestrian connection between the Sculpture Garden and museum plaza below Jefferson Drive. Sugimoto’s concept enlarges the passage openings and uses reflective stainless steel to flood the space with natural light, creating a more welcoming space.
History of the Sculpture Garden
Designed by architect Gordon Bunshaft, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden opened in 1974. Bunshaft’s original design for the Sculpture Garden, which was never realized, was much larger and featured a substantial reflecting pool that ran its entire length, traversing the National Mall. The subsequent modified concept that was built was heavily influenced by traditional Japanese gardens and was consistent with Bunshaft’s overall design for the museum and the Modernist aesthetic of the time, creating a neutral setting for art, but with limited plantings and little shade.
In 1981, the museum engaged landscape architect Lester Collins to consult on several modifications with the goals of increasing accessibility and adding plantings for shade. These and other modifications in the 30 years since have resulted in a Sculpture Garden that has continued to evolve.
Now, with pressing infrastructure issues, including a need to address flood control and the deterioration of the perimeter walls, the necessity for renovation has created an opportunity to both embrace earlier visions and reimagine the space to meet the current needs of visitors, the growth of the museum’s collections over the past 50 years and the many different ways in which artists are working today. The museum began working to identify and study infrastructure deficiencies in the Sculpture Garden more than two years ago, completing an intensive study of the structural integrity of the walls and assessment of the storm-water management system in 2017. When Sugimoto’s renovation of the Hirshhorn lobby was nearing completion, museum leadership began conversations with him in 2017 about a new concept for the Sculpture Garden, seeking to create a cohesive visitor experience spanning its interior and exterior spaces.